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Focus Area: Evaluating cost and cost-effectiveness of immunization programs

Results 1 -10 of 15

Updated Analyses on Immunization Delivery Costs now Available at

In May 2018, ThinkWell released findings from a systematic review of the evidence base on immunization delivery costs (IDC) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The review aimed to answer a question frequently asked by global and country immunization stakeholders: What are the unit costs of vaccine delivery across different LMICs and through a variety … Continued

Continuing Pneumococcal Vaccination After Gavi Transition in Kenya at Full Price is Cost-effective and Could Save Thousands of Lives

This news release was originally published on EurekAlert. Below is an excerpt from the news release. Co-led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and the KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Program, the Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Impact Study estimated that continuing the vaccine beyond 2022 would prevent – in the first ten years – more than … Continued

Sustaining Pneumococcal Vaccination After Transitioning from Gavi Support: A Modelling and Cost-effectiveness Study in Kenya

Background In 2009, Gavi, the World Bank, and donors launched the pneumococcal Advance Market Commitment, which helped countries access more affordable pneumococcal vaccines. As many low-income countries begin to reach the threshold at which countries transition from Gavi support to self-financing (3-year average gross national income per capita of US$1580), they will need to consider … Continued

Training Video: Applied Health Economics in Africa – Using Examples from Immunization

Using examples from immunizations, this Teaching Vaccine Economics Everywhere (TVEE) training video focuses on developing skills in economic evaluations, carrying out a cost effectiveness and budget impact analysis, and building local capacity in vaccine economics. The training was conducted at a 2019 AfHEA pre-congress session. View the TVEE training video in full.

Pre-conference Workshop: Applied Health Economics in Africa: Using Examples from Immunization


Accra, Ghana

The Teaching Vaccine Economics Everywhere (TVEE) project is offering a workshop on methods and processes for priority setting related to healthcare interventions, drawing on examples related to immunization as an entry point for capacity strengthening and skills building. This pre-conference workshop will be held from 8:30 AM to 4:30 PM on March 11, 2019 prior to … Continued

Expenditures on Vaccine-preventable Disease Surveillance: Analysis and Evaluation of Comprehensive Multi-year Plans (cMYPs) for Immunization

Despite the importance of vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) surveillance, little is known about the costs of monitoring disease. Researchers used Comprehensive Multi-Year Plans for Immunization (cMYPs) – developed by countries following guidelines from the World Health Organization and United Nations Children’s Fund – to estimate expenditures on VPD surveillance at the country level in 2015 US … Continued

Poverty Reduction and Equity Benefits of Introducing or Scaling up Measles, Rotavirus and Pneumococcal Vaccines in Low-income and Middle-income Countries: A Modelling Study

Beyond their impact on health, vaccines can lead to large economic benefits. While most economic evaluations of vaccines have focused on the health impact of vaccines at a national scale, it is critical to understand how their impact is distributed along population subgroups. The team of researchers built a financial risk protection model to evaluate … Continued

The Equity Impact Vaccines May Have On Averting Deaths And Medical Impoverishment In Developing Countries

A team of researchers modeled the equity impact of lives saved and medical impoverishment averted from immunization over the period 2016-30 in 41 low and middle income countries (DHS survey availability determined which countries were selected for inclusion). Of our 15 LNCT member countries, data from Armenia, Ghana, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Timor-Leste were included in … Continued – Resource for Immunization Financing, Value, and Costing is a resource for organizations and individuals involved in the field of immunization economics. The site was originally created in 2015 as part of the EPIC project with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and has key collaborators from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, ThinkWell, and … Continued

Immunization Costing and Financing: A Tool and User Guide for Comprehensive Multi-Year Plan (cMYP) – Update 2014

World Health Organization developed the cMYP Costing and Financing tool to complement the WHO-UNICEF comprehensive Multi-Year Plan guidelines (cMYP). The tool is intended to support strategic planning for immunization program costing and financing and makes it easy to estimate past costs and financing for immunization, to aid in making future projections of resources requirements and financing, … Continued

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